Future Port For Transforming the Defined Border Line between Hong Kong and Mainland China
Master of Architecture Thesis Project
Boundaries often carry negative connotations. Many people regard it as a symbol of division. Restrictive laws, unequal human rights, cultural differences, language problems, and economic disparities are often associated with international border crossings and ports of entry.
In the past few decades, with the increase of globalization, there have been frequent population movements across the world's borders. But we still live in a political, economic, and social space divided by boundaries, from formal national boundaries that indicate territorial sovereignty to regional boundaries that separate different administrative levels to informal social boundaries that institute differences. These boundaries display different rights, laws, social groups, and behavior presuppositions for diverse regions. But borders are not entirely political; borders are also the product of society and culture.
In 1986, Luohu port opened at the Hong Kong-Shenzhen border under the "one country, two systems" policy to promote exchanges between the two areas. With the advent of the era of globalization, the separating function of the border is still restricting the free flow of people and supplies. Still, it is difficult to block the cross-border penetration of information, technology, ideas, and culture. The living cycles and cultural circles of border residents continuously extend across the border, and this process reconstructs the border space constantly.
This continually developing condition shows that the port is not just a line separating two places. Instead, the port should be a place for cultural and economic exchanges. The project focuses on the Shenzhen-Hong Kong border and the residents living on this boundary, using architecture as a tool to resolve two different urban and social conditions. The project proposes new possibilities for future ports by transforming the border into a space of opportunity, prosperity, and a positive symbol for bridging cultural integration.